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Gateway to the Goldfields
Marysville is the county seat of Yuba County. Its history as a community goes back to the Gold Rush days, when it was a stopping point for riverboats from Sacramento and San Francisco that carried miners on their way to the digging grounds. A post office was established at Marysville in 1851. By 1853, the tent city had been replaced by brick buildings. In addition to the brick merchant buildings, Marysville had developed mills, iron works, factories, machine shops, schools, churches and two daily newspapers. The population was almost 10,000. By 1857, Marysville was a prospering city; in fact, it was one of the largest cities in California, due to its strategic location during the Gold Rush. Over $10 million in gold was shipped from the banks in Marysville to the U.S. Mint in San Francisco. The city's founders imagined Marysville becoming 'The New York of the Pacific.' However, debris loosed by hydraulic mining above Marysville raised the riverbeds of both the Feather and the Yuba Rivers and rendered the city vulnerable to flooding during winter storms and spring run-offs. The city built a levee system that is still maintained today. The levee system sealed the city off and has made additional city growth virtually impossible; as such the population has not increased much since their construction. Marysville is strategically located 40 miles north of the state capitol of Sacramento where Highways 70 and 20 intersect.
Today, it is served by two railroad lines, two highways, a regional airport, a public bus line, and is the center of a broad agricultural and outdoor recreation area. Marysville, along with Yuba City (its neighbor across the Feather River) has long been one of the leading agribusiness areas of California. Other business comes from retail sales, manufacturing, rice farming, stock raising and mining. Beale Air Force Base (to the east) also contributes significantly to the community's economy. Outdoor enthusiasts enjoy hunting, fishing, boating, swimming, golf, tennis and many other sports in Marysville and the nearby countryside and mountains. Marysville is home to the Yuba-Sutter Gold Sox, a community based, professionally run summer collegiate baseball team, and is the host for the Horizon Air Summer Series, a season long competition among a select number of summer collegiate teams. The annual Marysville Peach Festival, in Historic Downtown Marysville, attracts thirty thousand plus people who visit and enjoy the food, entertainment and arts and crafts each July.